The History of Rottweilers

The Rottweiler descends from dogs used by the Romans to drive the herds that fed the army as it marched through Europe. Along the way, the Roman dogs bred with local dogs, and in the town of Rottweil, the result was strong dogs used by butchers to drive cattle to market.

The Rottweiler (/ˈrɒtwaɪlər/, UK also /-vaɪlər/)[1][2] is a breed of domestic dog, regarded as medium-to-large[3][4] or large.[5][6] The dogs were known in German as Rottweiler Metzgerhund, meaning Rottweil butchers‘ dogs,[7][8] because their main use was to herd livestock[3] and pull carts laden with butchered meat to market.[7] This continued until the mid-19th century when railways replaced droving. Although still used to herd stock in many parts of the world, Rottweilers are now also used as search and rescue dogsguard dogs, and police dogs.[9]


What breeds created the Rottweiler?

UNIQUE ORIGIN: Rottweilers descended from the Molossusa mastiff-type dog and probably from the Italian Mastiff. Their ancestors accompanied the Romans over the Alps by herding their cattle and protecting them from harm.


The ideal Rottweiler is a medium large, robust and powerful dog, black with clearly defined rust markings. His compact and substantial build denotes great strength, agility and endurance.

Dogs are characteristically more massive throughout with larger frame and heavier bone than bitches.

Bitches are distinctly feminine, but without weakness of substance or structure 

Dogs: 24 inches to 27 inches.

Bitches: 22 inches to 25 inches, with preferred size being mid-range of each sex.

Correct proportion is of primary importance, as long as size is within the standard’s range.

The length of body, from sternum to the rearmost projection of the rump, is slightly longer than the height of the dog at the withers, the most desirable proportion of the height to length being 9 to 10.

The Rottweiler is neither coarse nor shelly. Depth of chest is approximately fifty percent (50%) of the height of the dog. His bone and muscle mass must be sufficient to balance his frame, giving a compact and very powerful appearance

Head: Of medium length, broad between the ears; forehead line seen in profile is moderately arched; zygomatic arch and stop well developed. The desired ratio of back skull to muzzle is 3 to 2. Forehead is preferred dry, however some wrinkling may occur when dog is alert.

Expression: is noble, alert, and self-assured.

Eyes: of medium size, almond shaped with well fitting lids, moderately deep-set. The desired color is a uniform dark brown.

Ears: Of medium size, pendant, triangular in shape; when carried alertly the ears are level with the top of the skull and appear to broaden it.

Muzzle: Bridge is straight, broad at base with slight tapering towards tip. The end of the muzzle is broad with well developed chin.

Nose: is broad rather than round and always black.

Lips: Always black; corners closed; inner mouth pigment is preferred dark.

Bite and Dentition: Teeth 42 in number (20 upper, 22 lower), strong, correctly placed, meeting in a scissors bite.

Neck: Powerful, well muscled, moderately long, slightly arched and without loose skin.

Topline: The back is firm and level, extending in a straight line from behind the withers to the croup. The back remains horizontal to the ground while the dog is moving or standing